What is Vision Therapy?

Vision Therapy treatment addresses developmental or acquired visual deficits that impact patients’ daily lives in their academic, sports, and workplace performance. At EyeCare Specialties, our team of highly qualified doctors work closely with our Vision Therapists to create and implement a treatment plan specific to each patient’s visual deficiencies.

Signs and Symptoms of Vision Disorders

Do you or your child experience any of these symptoms?

  • Poor reading fluency
  • Loss of place while reading
  • Short attention span for near work
  • Poor reading comprehension
  • Covers or closes an eye while reading
  • Headaches with near work
  • Words run together while reading
  • Clumsiness/coordination difficulty
  • Focusing problems
  • Difficulty catching/poor eye hand coordination
  • Take longer to do homework than peers
  • Headache/eye strain with 3D content

If you answered yes to any of these questions, you may be struggling with an undiagnosed vision disorder. Find out more about vision disorders and how the team at EyeCare Specialties can help.

Vision Evaluation

Step 1
Before pursuing a Vision Therapy evaluation, a comprehensive eye examination should be completed to ensure the visual system is healthy, and if eyesight can be helped with corrective lenses.

Step 2
A Developmental Vision Evaluation is completed to assess ocular motility (tracking), accommodation (focusing), and binocular vision (teaming) for any deficiencies.

Step 3
Visual Information Processing testing is completed when indicated to determine how your brain is interpreting what you see.

Treatment Areas

  • Amblyopia (Lazy Eye) Amblyopia or “lazy eye” is a neuro-developmental visual deficit that begins in early childhood. It results in decreased vision in one or both eyes that cannot be corrected with glasses alone. Until recent advancements, patching was the general model of care for amblyopia treatment. Current research provides evidence-based methods for amblyopia treatment that involve binocular treatment rather than patching alone. Our office utilizes a binocular approach to amblyopia treatment to provide our patients with the best possible outcome.
  • Strabismus (Crossed or Turned Eye) Strabismus is a condition where the eyes wander out of alignment. It can happen in one or both eyes. Poor eye alignment impacts binocular vision, preventing normal depth perception. Eye muscle surgery is a common approach to the treatment of strabismus, however even though this cosmetically aligns the eyes, the brain often does not know how to use the eyes together. Suppression of vision from one eye commonly occurs, preventing normal depth perception. Our therapy treatment stresses binocular vision in strabismic patients to build coordination between the two eyes, which results in increased depth perception and optimal teaming between the two eyes.
  • Convergence Insufficiency Convergence insufficiency (CI) is a common visual condition that results in the inability to hold the eyes together up close. This impacts computer and near work resulting in difficulty concentrating and sustaining near attention. The most common misdiagnosis for CI is Attention Deficit Disorder as their symptoms are very similar. This condition does not resolve with age. Many adults struggle with convergence insufficiency, resulting in eyestrain with computer work, poor comprehension, and in some cases reduced job performance. Based on scientific evidence, office-based vision therapy is the most effective treatment for Convergence Insufficiency when compared to all other treatment options. Our team utilizes the latest advances to work with the specific visual deficits of each patient
  • Oculomotor Dysfunction (Poor Tracking Skills) Tracking is the ability to move our eyes from one target to another, and is essential both in sports performance and reading. Difficulty smoothly moving the eyes can result in poor coordination in tracking a moving ball to catch in sports, while difficulty moving the eyes across a page with reading can result in poor fluency, omission of small words, and skipping lines while reading. Therapy treatment in our office is specific to the difficulties each patient is experiencing to improve their visual performance on the sports field, in the classroom, or in the workplace.
  • Learning Disorders 80% of learning comes in through our visual system. When the visual system works well, learning and reading should come easily. When deficient, significant difficulty reading and learning commonly occur. These children and adults may have poor attention or be considered lazy when it comes to near work, and some may also be confused as dyslexic. These individuals often pass visual screenings and even a basic exam due to having normal eyesight (20/20) and ocular health, but are still struggling to utilize their vision in a normal way. If you or someone you know may be struggling from a vision related learning disorder, contact our office on how we can help.


“I had a nice therapist that never tried to discourage me. If anyone asked me if Vision Therapy was good, with no hesitation I would say, ‘I moved up two levels in Reading and moved up one level in dance and tennis.’ You should take it if you need it and you will see a huge difference.” – Stella, 7 years old